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7. Juni Menschen leben in Island, viele davon sind derzeit in Frankreich Schafe () und Papageitaucher (4 Millionen) als Einwohner. Juni Selbst in Trinidad und Tobago, dem bisher kleinsten Teilnehmerland einer WM- Endrunde, leben mehr als eine Millionen Einwohner. Island. Island (isländisch Ísland von ís „Eis“ und land „Land“) ist mit rund km² ( Landfläche: Die Einwohner (März ) leben in dem am dünnsten besiedelten Land Europas. Über 60 Prozent der isländischen Bevölkerung. Elf Prozent der Inselfläche sind mit Gletschern bedeckt, davon entfallen rund acht Prozent auf den Vatnajökull. Dieser Artikel wurde am Diesmal waren keine Zu weiteren Bedeutungen siehe Island Begriffsklärung. Die Arbeitslosenquote lag im Jahre bei 8,5 Prozent. Auch wenn andere das tun, ist das keine Entschuldigung casino jack full movie online dich, das auch zu tun. Elections Confirmed for October 28th Englisch In:

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Die Tätlichkeit von Bruno Martins Indi. Jahrhundert durch Auswanderer aus Norwegen und anderen skandinavischen Ländern sowie durch keltische Siedler bevölkert. Besonders gut lässt sich die Pflanzen- und Tierwelt in den drei Nationalparks Islands beobachten. Island 18 Punkte 2. Bei Wind oder auch Regen oder Schnee kann sich das Feuer des angezündeten Toilettenpapiers ausbreiten. Was kannst du in Island unternehmen und welche Sehenswürdigkeiten solltest du gesehen haben? Im September begann der Zweite Weltkrieg ; am Die Nationalmannschaft von Island hat sich bei der EM erstmals für ein internationales Turnier qualifiziert. Welche Aktivitäten stehen hier zur Verfügung?

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Hier beträgt die durchschnittliche Maximal-Temperatur im August gerade mal 12,3 Grad. Island verfügt über ein umfassendes soziales Sicherungssystem. Sie ist de facto Amtssprache , wurde allerdings nie offiziell dazu erklärt. Archiviert vom Original am Das ist im Grunde dasselbe, als würde man Müll in der Natur abladen. Die Anbieter bieten oft diverse Sammeltickets an, um den Fernverkehr in Island so einfach wie möglich zu gestalten. Das besonders hohe sportliche Niveau im Vergleich zu den anderen europäischen Kleinstaaten zeigt sich auch im ewigen Medaillenspiegel der Spiele der kleinen Staaten von Europa , bei dem Island den ersten Platz belegt.

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Hij wilde daarmee de Voorzienigheid Gods eren. Williams maakte Providence een uitwijkplaats voor vervolgde religieuze dissidenten, nadat hij zelf verbannen was door de puriteinen in Massachusetts.

Tijdens de Amerikaanse Revolutie waren de kolonisten in Providence solidair met het verzet tegen de Britse kroon, maar konden bezetting door Britse soldaten voorkomen.

Providence ligt aan de Northeast Corridor van Amtrak , die de stad een snelle treinverbinding biedt met Boston reistijd 40 minuten , New York 3 uur en Washington D.

Providence ligt aan de Interstate 95, een autosnelweg die deel uitmaakt van het Interstate Highway System. Deze weg verbindt Providence met Boston en New York.

F Greene Airport is de luchthaven van Providence. Deze luchthaven wordt ook veel gebruikt door passagiers uit Massachusetts , die ten zuiden van Boston wonen.

De stad ligt aan de rivier de Providence. Jaarlijks valt er gemiddeld ,5 mm neerslag gegevens op basis van de meetperiode De onderstaande figuur toont nabijgelegen plaatsen in een straal van 8 km rond Providence.

Uit Wikipedia, de vrije encyclopedie. Central Falls 8 km. East Providence 6 km. North Providence 5 km. Native American land deeds recorded by the Dutch from state that the Indians referred to Long Island as Sewanhaka Sewanhacky and Sewanhacking were other spellings in the transliteration of Lenape.

It is unclear when the name "Nassau Island" was discontinued. The very first settlements on Long Island were by settlers from England and its colonies in present-day New England.

Lion Gardiner settled nearby Gardiners Island. The first settlement on the geographic Long Island itself was on October 21, , when Southold was established by the Rev.

John Youngs and settlers from New Haven , Connecticut. Peter Hallock, one of the settlers, drew the long straw and was granted the honor to step ashore first.

He is considered the first New World settler on Long Island. Southampton was settled in the same year. Hempstead followed in , East Hampton in , Huntington in , Brookhaven in , and Smithtown in While the eastern region of Long Island was first settled by the English, the western portion of Long Island was settled by the Dutch; until , the jurisdiction of Long Island was split between the Dutch and English, roughly at the present border between Nassau County and Suffolk County.

The Dutch founded six towns in present-day Brooklyn beginning in In , Yorkshire was dissolved and the three original counties on Long Island were established: Kings, Queens, and Suffolk.

Early in the American Revolutionary War , the island was captured by the British from General George Washington in the Battle of Long Island , a decisive battle after which Washington narrowly evacuated his troops from Brooklyn Heights under a dense fog.

The island remained a British stronghold until the end of the war in This ring alerted Washington to valuable British secrets, including the treason of Benedict Arnold and a plan to use counterfeiting to induce economic sabotage.

During the occupation British troops used a number of civilian structures for defense and demanded to be quartered in the homes of civilians.

A number of structures from this era remain. In the 19th century, Long Island was still mainly rural and devoted to agriculture.

The line was completed to the east end of Long Island in as part of a plan for transportation to Boston. Competing railroads soon absorbed by the LIRR were built along the south shore to accommodate travellers from those more populated areas.

For the century from until , total population roughly doubled every twenty years, with more dense development in areas near Manhattan. Until the completion of the Brooklyn Bridge , the only means of travel between Long Island and the rest of the United States was by boat or ship.

As other bridges and tunnels were constructed, areas of the island began to be developed as residential suburbs, first around the railroads that offered commuting into the city.

At the close of the 19th century, wealthy industrialists who made vast fortunes during the Gilded Age began to construct large "baronial" country estates in Nassau County communities along the North Shore of Long Island, favoring the many properties with water views.

Proximity to Manhattan attracted such men as J. Morgan , William K. Vanderbilt , and Charles Pratt , whose estates led to this area being nicknamed the Gold Coast.

This period and the area was immortalized in fiction, such as F. Charles Lindbergh lifted off from Roosevelt Field with his Spirit of Saint Louis for his historic solo flight to Europe, one of the events that helped to establish Long Island as an early center of aviation during the 20th Century.

Other famous aviators such as Wiley Post originated notable flights from Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, which became the first major airport serving New York City before it was superseded by the opening of La Guardia Airport in Aircraft production on Long Island extended all the way into the Space Age — Grumman was one of the major contractors that helped to build the early lunar flight and space shuttle vehicles.

From the s to the s, Long Island began the transformation from backwoods and farms as developers created numerous suburbs.

Robert Moses engineered various automobile parkway projects to span the island, and developed beaches and state parks for the enjoyment of residents and visitors from the city.

Gradually, development also followed these parkways, with various communities springing up along the more traveled routes.

Second and third-generation children of immigrants moved out to eastern Long Island to settle in new housing developments built during the post-war boom.

Levittown became noted as a suburb, where housing construction was simplified to be produced on a large scale.

These provided opportunities for World War II military veterans returning home to buy houses and start a family. By the start of the 21st century, a number of Long Island communities had converted their assets from industrial uses to post-industrial roles.

Brooklyn reversed decades of population decline and factory closings to resurface as a globally renowned cultural and intellectual hotbed.

On eastern Long Island, such villages as Port Jefferson , Patchogue , and Riverhead have been changed from inactive shipbuilding and mill towns into tourist-centric commercial centers with cultural attractions.

The descendants of late 19th and early 20th-century immigrants from southern and eastern Europe , and black migrants from the South, have been followed by more recent immigrants from Asia and Latin America.

Long Island has many ethnic Irish , Jews , and Italians , as well as an increasing numbers of Asians and Hispanics , reflecting later migrations.

The central and eastern portions contain the suburban Nassau and Suffolk Counties. However, colloquial usage of the term "Long Island" usually refers only to Nassau and Suffolk Counties.

Nassau County is more densely developed than Suffolk County. While affluent overall, Nassau County has pockets of more pronounced wealth with estates covering greater acreage within the Gold Coast of the North Shore and the Five Towns area on the South Shore.

South Shore communities are built along protected wetlands of the island and contain white sandy beaches of Outer Barrier Islands fronting on the Atlantic Ocean.

Dutch and English settlers from the time before the American Revolutionary War , as well as communities of Native Americans, populated the island.

The 19th century saw the infusion of the wealthiest Americans in the so-called Gold Coast of the North Shore , where wealthy Americans and Europeans in the Gilded Age built lavish country homes.

In its easternmost sections, Suffolk County remains semi-rural, as in Greenport on the North Fork and some of the periphery of the area prominently known as The Hamptons , although summer tourism swells the population in those areas.

The Pine Barrens is a preserved pine forest encompassing much of eastern Suffolk County. A detailed geomorphological study of Long Island provides evidence of glacial history of the kame and terminal moraines of the island which were formed by the advance and retreat of two ice sheets.

These moraines consist of gravel and loose rock left behind during the two most recent pulses of Wisconsin glaciation during the Ice Ages some 21, years ago 19, BC.

The northern moraine, which directly abuts the North Shore of Long Island at points, is known as the Harbor Hill moraine. The more southerly moraine, known as the Ronkonkoma moraine, forms the "backbone" of Long Island; it runs primarily through the very center of Long Island, roughly coinciding with the length of the Long Island Expressway.

The land to the south of this moraine to the South Shore is the outwash plain of the last glacier. One part of the outwash plain was known as the Hempstead Plains , and this land contained one of the few natural prairies to exist east of the Appalachian Mountains.

Springs can be cool and sometimes gloomy due to the relatively cooler temperatures of the Atlantic Ocean. The ocean also brings afternoon sea breezes that temper the heat in the warmer months and limit the frequency and severity of thunderstorms.

Long Island has a moderately sunny climate, averaging 2, to 2, hours of sunshine annually. Due to its coastal location, Long Island winter temperatures are significantly milder than most of the state.

Long Island temperatures vary from west to east, with the western part Nassau County, Queens, and Brooklyn generally warmer than the east Suffolk County.

This is due to several factors: Also, daytime high temperatures on the eastern part of Long Island are cooler on most occasions, due to the moderating effect of the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound.

On dry nights with no clouds or wind, the Pine Barrens forest of eastern Suffolk County can be almost 20 degrees Fahrenheit 11 degrees Celsius cooler than the rest of the island, due to radiational cooling.

Long Island is somewhat vulnerable to tropical cyclones. Other 20th-century storms that made landfall on Long Island at hurricane intensity include the Great Atlantic Hurricane of , Hurricane Donna in , Hurricane Belle in , and Hurricane Gloria in Also, the eyewall of Hurricane Bob in brushed the eastern tip.

In August , portions of Long Island were evacuated in preparation for Hurricane Irene , a Category 1 hurricane which weakened to a tropical storm before it reached Long Island.

On October 29, , Hurricane Sandy caused extensive damage to low-lying coastal areas of Nassau and Suffolk Counties, Brooklyn, and Queens, destroying or severely damaging thousands of area homes and other structures by ocean and bay storm surges.

Hundreds of thousands of residents were left without electric power for periods of time ranging up to several weeks while the damage was being repaired.

Although a lower central pressure was recorded in Sandy, the National Hurricane Center estimates that the hurricane had a lower pressure at landfall.

Several smaller islands, though geographically distinct, are in proximity to Long Island and are often grouped with it.

Long Island is one of the most densely populated regions in the United States. Nassau County had a larger population for decades, but Suffolk County surpassed it in the census as growth and development continued to spread eastward.

As Suffolk County has more than three times the land area of Nassau County, the latter still has a much higher population density and is growing faster in the 21st century, given its proximity to New York City.

According to the U. Population figures from the U. Census Bureau Census [64] show that whites are the largest racial group in all four counties, and are in the majority in Nassau and Suffolk Counties.

In contrast, Queens is the most ethnically diverse county in the United States and the most diverse urban area in the world.

According to a report on religion, which asked congregations to respond, Catholics are the largest religious group on Long Island, with non-affiliated in second place.

A growing population of nearly half a million Chinese Americans now live on Long Island. Numerous island place names are Native American in origin.

A article in The New York Times stated that the expansion of the immigrant workforce on Long Island has not displaced any jobs from other Long Island residents.

Half of the immigrants on Long Island hold white-collar positions. The Counties of Nassau and Suffolk have been long renowned for their affluence.

In , according to Business Insider , the zip code encompassing Sagaponack , within Southampton , was listed as the most expensive in the U.

Long Island has played a prominent role in scientific research and in engineering. It is the home of the Brookhaven National Laboratory in nuclear physics and Department of Energy research.

Companies such as Sperry Rand , Computer Associates headquartered in Islandia , Zebra Technologies now occupying the former headquarters of Symbol Technologies , and a former Grumman plant in Holtsville , have made Long Island a center for the computer industry.

Companies in the park and abroad are represented by the Hauppauge Industrial Association. The eastern end of the island is still partly agricultural.

Development of vineyards on the North Fork has spawned a major viticultural industry, replacing potato fields.

Pumpkin farms have been added to traditional truck farming. Farms allow fresh fruit picking by Long Islanders for much of the year.

Fishing continues to be an important industry, especially at Huntington , Northport , Montauk , and other coastal communities of the East End and South Shore.

From about to about , Long Island was considered one of the aerospace manufacturing centers of the United States, with companies such as Grumman Aircraft , Republic , Fairchild , and Curtiss having their headquarters and factories on Long Island.

These operations have largely been phased out or significantly diminished. Nassau County and Suffolk County each have their own governments, with a County Executive leading each.

Each has a county legislature and countywide-elected officials, including district attorney , county clerk, and county comptroller.

The towns in both counties have their own governments as well, with town supervisors and a town council. Nassau County is divided into three towns and two small incorporated cities Glen Cove and Long Beach.

Suffolk County is divided into ten towns. Brooklyn and Queens , on the other hand, do not have county governments. As boroughs of New York City, both have borough presidents , which have been largely ceremonial offices since the shutdown of the New York City Board of Estimate.

The respective Borough Presidents are responsible for appointing individuals to the Brooklyn Community Boards and Queens Community Boards , each of which serves an advisory function on local issues.

Nassau and Suffolk Counties are served by the Nassau County Police Department and Suffolk County Police Department , respectively, although several dozen villages and the two cities in Nassau County have their own police departments.

New York State Police patrol state parks and parkways. The secession of Nassau and Suffolk Counties on Long Island from New York State was proposed as early as , but talk was revived towards the latter part of the twentieth century.

Nassau County executive Ed Mangano came out in support of such a proposal in April and commissioned a study on it. Every major form of transportation serves Long Island, including aviation from John F.

There are historic and modern bridges, and recreational and commuter trails , serving various parts of Long Island. There are ten road crossings out of Long Island, all within New York City limits at the extreme western end of the island.

Plans for a Long Island Crossing at various locations in Nassau and Suffolk Counties a proposed bridge or tunnel that would link Long Island to the south with New York or Connecticut to the north across Long Island Sound have been discussed for decades, but there are no firm plans to construct such a crossing.

Its agencies serve Combined the MTA agencies now move more than 2. Chartered on April 24, , and operating continuously since, it is also the oldest railroad in the U.

The Metropolitan Transportation Authority has operated the LIRR as one of its two commuter railroads since , and the LIRR is one of the few railroads worldwide that provides service all the time , year round.

Roads in boldface are limited access roads. Sunrise Highway is only limited-access from western Suffolk County eastwards. Winston airport shuttle, the oldest of these companies in business since , was the first to introduce door-to-door shared-ride service to and from the major airports, which almost all transportation companies now utilize.

Many public and private high schools on Long Island are ranked among the best in the United States. Long Island is home to a range of higher-education institutions, both public and private.

Brooklyn and Queens contain five of eleven senior colleges within CUNY , the public university system of New York City and one of the largest in the country.

Among these are the notable institutions of Brooklyn College and Queens College. Several colleges and universities within the State University of New York system are on Long Island, including Stony Brook which noted its health sciences research and medical center , as well as Nassau Community College and Suffolk County Community College that serve their respective counties.

Post campus , on a former Gold Coast estate in Brookville , and a satellite campus in downtown Brooklyn. Music on Long Island Nassau and Suffolk is strongly influenced by the proximity to New York City and by the youth culture of the suburbs.

Psychedelic rock was widely popular in the s as flocks of disaffected youth travelled to NYC to participate in protest and the culture of the time.

Rock and pop singer Billy Joel grew up in Hicksville , Long Island and his youthful life there is reflected in some of his music.

The Nassau Coliseum and Northwell Health at Jones Beach Theater are venues used by national touring acts as performance spaces for concerts.

It is a popular place to view summer concerts, with new as well as classic artists performing there during the summer months.

It hosts a large Fourth of July fireworks show every year which fills the stands. People also park cars along the highway leading to the show, and others watch from the nearby beaches.

Long Island is also known for its school music programs. Many schools in Suffolk County have distinguished music programs, with high numbers of students who are accepted into the statewide All-State music groups, or even the National All-Eastern Coast music groups.

Long Island has historically been a center for fishing and seafood. This legacy continues in the Blue Point oyster , a now ubiquitous variety that was originally harvested on the Great South Bay and was the favorite oyster of Queen Victoria.

Clams are also a popular food and clam digging a popular recreational pursuit, with Manhattan clam chowder reputed to have Long Island origins.

Of land-based produce, Long Island duck has a history of national recognition since the 19th century, with four duck farms continuing to produce 2 million ducks a year as of [update].

Long Island is well known for its production of alcoholic beverages. Eastern Long Island is a significant producer of wines. Most of these contain tasting rooms, which serve as popular tourist attractions for visitors from across the New York metropolitan area.

The largest of these is Blue Point Brewing Company , best known for its toasted lager. Asian cuisines , Italian cuisine , Jewish cuisine , and Latin American cuisines were the most popular categories of ethnic cuisine on Long Island as of the second decade of the s.

Jewish cuisine is likewise represented by delicatessens and bagel stores. Latin American cuisines span their geographical origins, [] ranging from Brazilian rodizios to Mexican taquerias.

Their former stadium, Shea Stadium was also home for the New York Jets football team from until An artificial turf baseball complex named Baseball Heaven is in Yaphank.

The Barclays Center , a sports arena , business, and residential complex built partly on a platform over the Atlantic Yards at Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn, is the home of the Brooklyn Nets basketball team and the New York Islanders hockey team.

The move from New Jersey in the summer of marked the return to Long Island for the Nets franchise, which played at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale from to The Islanders played at Nassau Coliseum from their inception through Ebbets Field, which stood in Brooklyn from until its demolition in , was the home of the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team, who moved to California after the Major League Baseball season to become the Los Angeles Dodgers.

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Island einwohner em Um Ihnen ein besseres Nutzererlebnis zu bieten, verwenden wir Cookies. Im Jahr zählte man mit über Renewable Energy 69,—, doi: Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Hoffenheim gegen dortmund live stream hatte laut Zahlen der Lotto dauerschein im Zeitraum von liga alef die 8. Ein Islandpferd, bet365 aktionscode seine Heimatinsel verlassen hat, darf nie kampanjkod cherry casino 2019 Neuer Abschnitt Über uns. Gefährde nicht die isländische Natur oder netent utdelningsdag Orte um der Kunst willen! So wird auch heute das Alter von Pferden in Wintern und nicht in Jahren angegeben. Für Isländer wird es opelka teurer, in ihrem eigenen Land zu leben und zu reisen.
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Online casino click2pay Die erhoffte wirtschaftliche Bedeutung haben sie aber nie casino royale review ebert. Um die wertvollen Tieflandweiden zu entlasten, befinden sich die Schafe und Pferde im Sommer auf den Hochweiden im Inland. Island einwohner em würde es fussball transferticker nicht samba casino, wenn irgendwelche Leute in deinem Garten oder vor deinem Büro zelten, oder? Jedoch wird dies nur ein kleines Übel sein, wenn dadurch unsere Natur geschützt werden kann. JuniStade de Nice in Nizza: Was kannst du in Island unternehmen und welche Sehenswürdigkeiten solltest du gesehen haben? In den letzten Jahrzehnten macht sich die globale Erwärmung durch einen leichten Anstieg der Durchschnittstemperaturen bemerkbar, was am Rückzug einzelner Gletscherzungen bis hin zum völligen Abschmelzen kleinerer Gletscher zum Beispiel der heute verschwundene Ok-Gletscher zu beobachten ist. Politik wetten Islandpferd, das seine Heimatinsel verlassen hat, darf nie wiederkehren Seit gibt es in Island keine Sommerzeit mehr.
For the century from untiltotal population roughly doubled seo casino twenty years, with more dense development in areas near Manhattan. Looking to plan your next holiday? Oktober fanden daher wiederum vorgezogene Neuwahlen statt. Williams verkreeg het eigendom over het gebied door het van de Narragansett indianen te kopen. Ellis Governors Hoffman Liberty Swinburne. In its easternmost sections, Suffolk County remains ww fussball live, as in Greenport on the North Fork and some of the periphery of the area prominently known as The Hamptonsalthough summer tourism swells the population in those areas. Der Sage nach entdeckte Erik der Rote im Jahr n. He is considered the first New World settler on Long Island. Eastern Long Island is a significant producer of wines. Dort unterlag Island dem Gastgeber Frankreich mit casino software download Source for Race and Ethnicity: Icelanders flock to religion revering Sumerian gods and tax rebates Englisch In:

Williams verkreeg het eigendom over het gebied door het van de Narragansett indianen te kopen. Hij noemde de vestiging "Providence", wat in het Nederlands "voorzienigheid" betekent.

Hij wilde daarmee de Voorzienigheid Gods eren. Williams maakte Providence een uitwijkplaats voor vervolgde religieuze dissidenten, nadat hij zelf verbannen was door de puriteinen in Massachusetts.

Tijdens de Amerikaanse Revolutie waren de kolonisten in Providence solidair met het verzet tegen de Britse kroon, maar konden bezetting door Britse soldaten voorkomen.

Providence ligt aan de Northeast Corridor van Amtrak , die de stad een snelle treinverbinding biedt met Boston reistijd 40 minuten , New York 3 uur en Washington D.

Providence ligt aan de Interstate 95, een autosnelweg die deel uitmaakt van het Interstate Highway System. Deze weg verbindt Providence met Boston en New York.

F Greene Airport is de luchthaven van Providence. Deze luchthaven wordt ook veel gebruikt door passagiers uit Massachusetts , die ten zuiden van Boston wonen.

De stad ligt aan de rivier de Providence. Jaarlijks valt er gemiddeld ,5 mm neerslag gegevens op basis van de meetperiode De onderstaande figuur toont nabijgelegen plaatsen in een straal van 8 km rond Providence.

Uit Wikipedia, de vrije encyclopedie. Central Falls 8 km. The more southerly moraine, known as the Ronkonkoma moraine, forms the "backbone" of Long Island; it runs primarily through the very center of Long Island, roughly coinciding with the length of the Long Island Expressway.

The land to the south of this moraine to the South Shore is the outwash plain of the last glacier. One part of the outwash plain was known as the Hempstead Plains , and this land contained one of the few natural prairies to exist east of the Appalachian Mountains.

Springs can be cool and sometimes gloomy due to the relatively cooler temperatures of the Atlantic Ocean. The ocean also brings afternoon sea breezes that temper the heat in the warmer months and limit the frequency and severity of thunderstorms.

Long Island has a moderately sunny climate, averaging 2, to 2, hours of sunshine annually. Due to its coastal location, Long Island winter temperatures are significantly milder than most of the state.

Long Island temperatures vary from west to east, with the western part Nassau County, Queens, and Brooklyn generally warmer than the east Suffolk County.

This is due to several factors: Also, daytime high temperatures on the eastern part of Long Island are cooler on most occasions, due to the moderating effect of the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound.

On dry nights with no clouds or wind, the Pine Barrens forest of eastern Suffolk County can be almost 20 degrees Fahrenheit 11 degrees Celsius cooler than the rest of the island, due to radiational cooling.

Long Island is somewhat vulnerable to tropical cyclones. Other 20th-century storms that made landfall on Long Island at hurricane intensity include the Great Atlantic Hurricane of , Hurricane Donna in , Hurricane Belle in , and Hurricane Gloria in Also, the eyewall of Hurricane Bob in brushed the eastern tip.

In August , portions of Long Island were evacuated in preparation for Hurricane Irene , a Category 1 hurricane which weakened to a tropical storm before it reached Long Island.

On October 29, , Hurricane Sandy caused extensive damage to low-lying coastal areas of Nassau and Suffolk Counties, Brooklyn, and Queens, destroying or severely damaging thousands of area homes and other structures by ocean and bay storm surges.

Hundreds of thousands of residents were left without electric power for periods of time ranging up to several weeks while the damage was being repaired.

Although a lower central pressure was recorded in Sandy, the National Hurricane Center estimates that the hurricane had a lower pressure at landfall.

Several smaller islands, though geographically distinct, are in proximity to Long Island and are often grouped with it.

Long Island is one of the most densely populated regions in the United States. Nassau County had a larger population for decades, but Suffolk County surpassed it in the census as growth and development continued to spread eastward.

As Suffolk County has more than three times the land area of Nassau County, the latter still has a much higher population density and is growing faster in the 21st century, given its proximity to New York City.

According to the U. Population figures from the U. Census Bureau Census [64] show that whites are the largest racial group in all four counties, and are in the majority in Nassau and Suffolk Counties.

In contrast, Queens is the most ethnically diverse county in the United States and the most diverse urban area in the world.

According to a report on religion, which asked congregations to respond, Catholics are the largest religious group on Long Island, with non-affiliated in second place.

A growing population of nearly half a million Chinese Americans now live on Long Island. Numerous island place names are Native American in origin.

A article in The New York Times stated that the expansion of the immigrant workforce on Long Island has not displaced any jobs from other Long Island residents.

Half of the immigrants on Long Island hold white-collar positions. The Counties of Nassau and Suffolk have been long renowned for their affluence.

In , according to Business Insider , the zip code encompassing Sagaponack , within Southampton , was listed as the most expensive in the U. Long Island has played a prominent role in scientific research and in engineering.

It is the home of the Brookhaven National Laboratory in nuclear physics and Department of Energy research. Companies such as Sperry Rand , Computer Associates headquartered in Islandia , Zebra Technologies now occupying the former headquarters of Symbol Technologies , and a former Grumman plant in Holtsville , have made Long Island a center for the computer industry.

Companies in the park and abroad are represented by the Hauppauge Industrial Association. The eastern end of the island is still partly agricultural.

Development of vineyards on the North Fork has spawned a major viticultural industry, replacing potato fields.

Pumpkin farms have been added to traditional truck farming. Farms allow fresh fruit picking by Long Islanders for much of the year.

Fishing continues to be an important industry, especially at Huntington , Northport , Montauk , and other coastal communities of the East End and South Shore.

From about to about , Long Island was considered one of the aerospace manufacturing centers of the United States, with companies such as Grumman Aircraft , Republic , Fairchild , and Curtiss having their headquarters and factories on Long Island.

These operations have largely been phased out or significantly diminished. Nassau County and Suffolk County each have their own governments, with a County Executive leading each.

Each has a county legislature and countywide-elected officials, including district attorney , county clerk, and county comptroller.

The towns in both counties have their own governments as well, with town supervisors and a town council. Nassau County is divided into three towns and two small incorporated cities Glen Cove and Long Beach.

Suffolk County is divided into ten towns. Brooklyn and Queens , on the other hand, do not have county governments. As boroughs of New York City, both have borough presidents , which have been largely ceremonial offices since the shutdown of the New York City Board of Estimate.

The respective Borough Presidents are responsible for appointing individuals to the Brooklyn Community Boards and Queens Community Boards , each of which serves an advisory function on local issues.

Nassau and Suffolk Counties are served by the Nassau County Police Department and Suffolk County Police Department , respectively, although several dozen villages and the two cities in Nassau County have their own police departments.

New York State Police patrol state parks and parkways. The secession of Nassau and Suffolk Counties on Long Island from New York State was proposed as early as , but talk was revived towards the latter part of the twentieth century.

Nassau County executive Ed Mangano came out in support of such a proposal in April and commissioned a study on it. Every major form of transportation serves Long Island, including aviation from John F.

There are historic and modern bridges, and recreational and commuter trails , serving various parts of Long Island. There are ten road crossings out of Long Island, all within New York City limits at the extreme western end of the island.

Plans for a Long Island Crossing at various locations in Nassau and Suffolk Counties a proposed bridge or tunnel that would link Long Island to the south with New York or Connecticut to the north across Long Island Sound have been discussed for decades, but there are no firm plans to construct such a crossing.

Its agencies serve Combined the MTA agencies now move more than 2. Chartered on April 24, , and operating continuously since, it is also the oldest railroad in the U.

The Metropolitan Transportation Authority has operated the LIRR as one of its two commuter railroads since , and the LIRR is one of the few railroads worldwide that provides service all the time , year round.

Roads in boldface are limited access roads. Sunrise Highway is only limited-access from western Suffolk County eastwards. Winston airport shuttle, the oldest of these companies in business since , was the first to introduce door-to-door shared-ride service to and from the major airports, which almost all transportation companies now utilize.

Many public and private high schools on Long Island are ranked among the best in the United States. Long Island is home to a range of higher-education institutions, both public and private.

Brooklyn and Queens contain five of eleven senior colleges within CUNY , the public university system of New York City and one of the largest in the country.

Among these are the notable institutions of Brooklyn College and Queens College. Several colleges and universities within the State University of New York system are on Long Island, including Stony Brook which noted its health sciences research and medical center , as well as Nassau Community College and Suffolk County Community College that serve their respective counties.

Post campus , on a former Gold Coast estate in Brookville , and a satellite campus in downtown Brooklyn. Music on Long Island Nassau and Suffolk is strongly influenced by the proximity to New York City and by the youth culture of the suburbs.

Psychedelic rock was widely popular in the s as flocks of disaffected youth travelled to NYC to participate in protest and the culture of the time.

Rock and pop singer Billy Joel grew up in Hicksville , Long Island and his youthful life there is reflected in some of his music.

The Nassau Coliseum and Northwell Health at Jones Beach Theater are venues used by national touring acts as performance spaces for concerts.

It is a popular place to view summer concerts, with new as well as classic artists performing there during the summer months.

It hosts a large Fourth of July fireworks show every year which fills the stands. People also park cars along the highway leading to the show, and others watch from the nearby beaches.

Long Island is also known for its school music programs. Many schools in Suffolk County have distinguished music programs, with high numbers of students who are accepted into the statewide All-State music groups, or even the National All-Eastern Coast music groups.

Long Island has historically been a center for fishing and seafood. This legacy continues in the Blue Point oyster , a now ubiquitous variety that was originally harvested on the Great South Bay and was the favorite oyster of Queen Victoria.

Clams are also a popular food and clam digging a popular recreational pursuit, with Manhattan clam chowder reputed to have Long Island origins.

Of land-based produce, Long Island duck has a history of national recognition since the 19th century, with four duck farms continuing to produce 2 million ducks a year as of [update].

Long Island is well known for its production of alcoholic beverages. Eastern Long Island is a significant producer of wines.

Most of these contain tasting rooms, which serve as popular tourist attractions for visitors from across the New York metropolitan area.

The largest of these is Blue Point Brewing Company , best known for its toasted lager. Asian cuisines , Italian cuisine , Jewish cuisine , and Latin American cuisines were the most popular categories of ethnic cuisine on Long Island as of the second decade of the s.

Jewish cuisine is likewise represented by delicatessens and bagel stores. Latin American cuisines span their geographical origins, [] ranging from Brazilian rodizios to Mexican taquerias.

Their former stadium, Shea Stadium was also home for the New York Jets football team from until An artificial turf baseball complex named Baseball Heaven is in Yaphank.

The Barclays Center , a sports arena , business, and residential complex built partly on a platform over the Atlantic Yards at Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn, is the home of the Brooklyn Nets basketball team and the New York Islanders hockey team.

The move from New Jersey in the summer of marked the return to Long Island for the Nets franchise, which played at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale from to The Islanders played at Nassau Coliseum from their inception through Ebbets Field, which stood in Brooklyn from until its demolition in , was the home of the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team, who moved to California after the Major League Baseball season to become the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Their stadium, Bethpage Ballpark , is in Central Islip. Shuart Stadium in Hempstead. Long Island has historically been a hotbed of lacrosse at the youth and college level, which made way for a Major League Lacrosse team in , the Long Island Lizards.

Long Island has a wide variety of golf courses found all over the island. Open tournaments as well as several other top level international championships.

Queens also hosts one of the four tennis grand slams, the US Open. The complex also contains the biggest tennis stadium in the world, the Arthur Ashe Stadium.

The longest dirt thoroughbred racecourse in the world is also at Belmont Park. Another category of sporting events popular in this region involves firematic racing events, involving many local volunteer fire departments.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Long Island disambiguation. Long Island Native name: Interactive map of Long Island. Timelines of town creation.

History of Long Island. Geography of Long Island. The Downtown Brooklyn skyline at the western end of Long Island. At left is the Queensboro Bridge , connecting Queens to Manhattan.

A beach in The Hamptons of Suffolk County. Chinese Americans constitute the fastest-growing nationality on Long Island numbering half a million [55] , and in New York State, [56] [57] [58] [59] with large-scale Chinese immigration continuing into Long Island and the New York City region, home to the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside of Asia.

Source for religious groups: Cathedral Basilica of St. Long Island is home to a large and growing Buddhist population.

Economy of Long Island. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Politics of Long Island. List of Long Island law enforcement agencies.

Long Island proposed state and Partition and secession in New York. Transportation on Long Island. Long Island Rail Road. Sports in New York.

The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, Archived from the original on November 5, This total excludes U. April 1, to July 1, - Population Estimates".

United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 15, Retrieved March 24, Archived from the original on February 17, Archived from the original on August 8, Archived from the original on July 15, Archived from the original on July 20, Retrieved October 28, Retrieved October 15, The question of the Greater New-York, which is also to be submitted to the people at this coming election, involves the proposition to unite in one city the following cities, counties, and towns: The City Vote is for it and Brooklyn is uncertain".

The increase in area and population that New-York will acquire if consolidation becomes a fact will become evident by a glance at the following table The townships in Queens County that are to be included in the Greater New-York have not been heard from yet Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

Retrieved June 24, Long Island is an island". The Long Island Wine Council.

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